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Rural Education | Rural Sociology

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Aksit, B., & Akcay, A. A. (1 December 1997). Sociocultural Aspects of Irrigation Practices in South-eastern Turkey. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 13(4), 523-540(518). This paper examines the irrigation practices of rural households and communities just before the introduction of large-scale irrigation projects in Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey. The study is based on fieldwork carried out by the authors in 1993. It is hoped that the sociological conceptualization of irrigation practices in the region will pave the way for development of a sociology of irrigation in Turkey. The present study viewed irrigation as a very powerful tool in transforming the sociocultural structures and social habits and/or habitus of a rural community. Almost no other tool can create such a complete change in the total socioeconomic order of a region. Yet it must be stated at the outset that the management, organization and maintenance (MOM) models to be established at farm and village levels must take the existing sociocultural structures of the communities into account. Hence the colossal physical dam construction efforts are to be complemented with the development of an interactive MOM model which should be responsive to the economic, social and cultural structures of rural communities in Turkey.

 

Albrecht, D. E., & Murdock, S. H. (1990). The sociology of U.S. agriculture: an ecological perspective ( 1st ed.). Ames: Iowa State University Press. Hd1765.a43 1990 306.3/49/0973 Hd1765.a43 1990

 

Alexander, F. D. (1938). Owners and tenants of small farms in the life of a selected community: a cultural analysis.,, [Nashville]. 323.354

 

American Country Life Association. (1930). Proceedings of the... American Country Life Conference ( Vol. 12th). [Chicago, Ill.]: Published by the University of Chicago Press for the American Country Life Association. Ht407.a3 630.106 Am3 630.1

 

American Country Life Association., & National Country Life Association. (1919). Proceedings of the... National Country Life Conference ( Vol. 1st). Ithaca, N.Y.: National Country Life Association. Ht407.a3 630.106 Am3 630.1

 

Anderson, S. (1940). Home town. New York,: Alliance Book Corporation. 323.35 323.35 An24h

 

Anderson, S. (1956). Kleinstadt in Amerika. Ebenhausen bei München: Edition Langewiesche Brandt. Ht431 Ht431.a59515 1956

 

Anderson, S. (1975). Home town. Mamaroneck, N.Y.: P. P. Appel. Ht431 Ht431 a595 1975

 

Anderson, W. L. (1906). The country town: a study of rural evolution. New York: Baker & Taylor. 301.35 630 630.An2

 

Ash, M. (1969). Who are the progressives now? an account of an educational confrontation. London,: Routledge & K. Paul. Lb41

 

Auge, M., & Herzlich, C. (1995). The Meaning of illness: anthropology, history and sociology. Australia ; United States: Harwood Academic Publishers. Ra418 scist

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Bailey, L. H. (1913). The country life movement in the United States. New York,: The Macmillan Company. Ht421 630 630.b15

 

Baldwin, B. T., Fillmore, E. A., Hadley, L., & Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial. (1930). Farm children; an investigation of rural child life in selected areas of Iowa. New York,: Appleton. 630.1 630.1.b193

 

Baldwin, B., Ed. (1995). Pathways from Poverty. Paper presented at the 37pp. Photographs will not reproduce adequately. Articles in this theme issue are based on presentations at the Pathways from Poverty Workshop held in Albuquerque, New Mexico, on May 18-25, 1995. The event aimed to foster development of a network to address rural poverty issues in the Western Rural Development Center (WRDC) region. Articles report on outcomes from the Pathways from Poverty workshop including team plans for addressing poverty in their area; the importance of social capital in building community; Native American economic development efforts that incorporate sustainability and cultural relevance; the effect of capitalism on the Palau islands; how sharing resources has enabled low-income families in American Samoa to maintain economic stability; demographic, economic, and educational factors that affect the status of Latinos in the United States, with implications for the American economy; a study of single-parent families and welfare reform; rural minorities and the relationship between employment and poverty; and the importance of rural studies in gaining understanding of rural poverty. Articles include: (1) "Pathways from Poverty" (Jane Brass); (2) "Social Capital" (Marie Cirillo); (3) "The Circle of Development and Indigenous Peoples" (Sherry Salway Black); (4) "Palauan Perspective" (Ayano Baules); (5) "Poverty: A Matter of Values" (Carol S. Whitaker); (6) "Focus on Latinos" (Refugio I. Rochin, Jose A. Rivera); (7) "Is Marriage the Solution? The Single-Parent Family and Welfare Reform" (Janet M. Fitchen); (8) "Employment Hardship and Rural Minorities" (Leif Jensen); and (9) "The Social Scientist and Rural America" (Emery N. Castle). The journal also includes updates on projects sponsored by WRDC and upcoming conferences. (LP) ED396892

 

Barrett, S. R. (1994). Paradise: class, commuters, and ethnicity in rural Ontario. Toronto ; Buffalo: University of Toronto Press. Hn110.o5 b37 1994 307.72/09713

 

Beach, B. A. (Jan 1997). Perspectives on Rural Child Care. ERIC Digest. ED403102

 

Beal, G. M., Powers, R. C., Coward, E. W., Iowa. State University of Science and Technology Ames. Center for Agricultural and Economic Development., & Rural Sociological Society. (1971). Sociological perspectives of domestic development ( [1st ] ed.). Ames,: Iowa State University Press. Hn65.s58 301.5/1 Hn65.s58

 

Beck, H. (1952). Der Kulturzusammenstoss zwischen Stadt und Land in einer Vorortgemeinde. Zürich,: Regio Verlag. 309.1494

 

Benedict, A. E., National Committee on Visiting Teachers., & Commonwealth Fund. Division of Publications. (1930). Children at the crossroads. New York,: The Commonwealth Fund Division of Publications. 371.9

 

Berleant-Schiller, R., & Shanklin, E. (1983). The keeping of animals: adaptation and social relations in livestock producing communities. Totowa, N.J.: Allanheld Osmun. Ht421.k43 1983 307.7/62 Ht421.k43 1983

 

Bernard, T., & Young, J. M. (1997). The ecology of hope: communities collaborate for sustainability. East Haven, Conn.: New Society Publishers. Hc79.e5

 

Berndt, J. (1986). Rural sociology: a bibliography of bibliographies. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow. Z7164.s688

 

Berry, E. (2000). Review Essay: Rural Sociology, Migration, and Community Change. Schwarzweller and Mullan: Research in Rural Sociology and Development: Focus on Migraton; Wardwell and Copp: Population Change in the Rural West: 1975-1990; and Amato and Radzilowski: Community of Strangers: Change, Turnover, Turbulence and the Transformation of a Midwestern Country Town. Rural Sociology, 65(4), 658-666.

 

Bertrand, A. L. (1958). Rural sociology: an analysis of contemporary rural life. New York: McGraw-Hill. Ht421 Ht421 b4 norlin HT421 B4 c.2

 

Block, D., & DuPuis, E. M. (January 2001). Making the Country Work for the City: Von Th‡nens Ideas in Geography, Agricultural Economics and the Sociology of Agriculture. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 60(1), 79-98(20). Geography, as the discipline responsible for describing the organization of space, has developed several ways of dealing with the phenomenon of the central city and its surrounding hinterlands. One of the most prominent of models used is von Thunens Isolated State, a predictive model of how rural hinterlands organize agricultural production in relation to an urban center. Despite todays globalized food provisioning system, there are still some agricultural commodities that remain in U.S. city hinterlands. The most prominent of these is milk. The spatial organization of dairying is therefore a topic in which von Thunens notions of centrality are still pertinent. In addition, outside of geography, his ideas had a significant effect on the agricultural economists who formulated dairy marketing policy. This paper will examine von Thunen and notions of centrality in the formulation of dairy policy in the United States. His contribution has been very important to agricultural economists and agricultural geographers but less important to sociologists of agriculture, who see the spatial organization of food production around cities due as much to contingent, local political outcomes as to law-like notions of centrality. Comparative historical method in sociology has been particularly useful in determining the role of predictive models and contingency in determining the spatial organization of milksheds.

 

Blumenthal, A. (1932). Small-town stuff., University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill. Ht431

 

Bokemeier, J. (1997). Rediscovering Families and Households: Restructuring Rural Society and Rural Sociology. Rural sociology, 62(1), 1.

 

Bonner, K. (1997). A great place to raise kids: interpretation, science and the urban-rural debate. Montreal ; Buffalo: McGill-Queen's University Press. Ht453

 

Bonner, K. (1998). Reflexivity, Sociology and the Rural-Urban Distinction in Marx, Tonnies and Weber. The Canadian review of sociology and anthropology. Revue canadienne de sociologie et d'anthropologie, 35(2), 165.

 

Bosshard, A. (January 2000). A methodology and terminology of sustainability assessment and its perspectives for rural planning. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 77(1), 29-41(13). Sustainability may be regarded as one of the most challenging and, at the same time, most fuzzy contemporary paradigms. In the present study, referring to the history of other leading ideas, this confusion is identified as a typical feature of young paradigms with a particular danger of misuse and destruction of the idea. Requirements necessary to save and evolve the paradigm of sustainability are identified. It is shown that help cannot be expected in the phrasing of a generally accepted definition. As an alternative, it is proposed to focus on the assessment procedure, where quantitative or qualitative value measures of the paradigm are developed for particular situations.The present study intends (i) to clarify the logic and terminology of the assessment process in general, (ii) to provide an effective assessment concept for sustainability in the field of agricultural land-use, and (iii) to demonstrate possible perspectives for rural planning practices.The first part displays fundamental aspects of valuation theory. The methodology of explicit assessment is introduced and described as a heuristic procedure, evolving the meaning of a term or paradigm in a socio-cultural discourse and in relation with practical experience. In the second part, focusing on sustainability assessment, the terminology, steps and elements of the general assessment procedure are defined on behalf of the assessment of land-use sustainability as an example. The iterative procedure allows developing quantitative and/or qualitative value measures for particular situations. The central element of the method is a hierarchically structured collection of viewpoints, called checklist of criteria. In a holistic, comprehensive approach towards sustainability ('strong' sustainability), five principal criteria are recommended for consideration: (i) abiotic environment; (ii) biotic environment, including animal welfare; (iii) cultural values, defined as human emotional and mental well being and creativity of society; (iv) sociology; and (v) economy. To each principal criterion, a hierarchical list of important sub-criteria is added. For the project-specific selection of suitable sub-criteria, guidelines are described in detail. The result is an individual assessment system adapted to the natural, cultural, political and economic basic conditions of a given project. In the third part, the example of a Swiss land-use planning project shows the implementation of the methodology in practice and its benefits, e.g., the improvement of the communication within the project, or the promotion of an effective, goal-oriented planning procedure, as a basic tool for valuation, communication, planning, implementation and monitoring of sustainability in the field of agriculturally based land-use systems.

 

Bowers, W. L. (1974). The country life movement in America, 1900-1920. Port Washington, N.Y.,: Kennikat Press. Hn64

 

Bradshaw, T. K., & Blakely, E. J. (1979). Rural communities in advanced industrial society: development and developers. New York: Praeger. Hn59.b72 301.35/0973

 

Branson, E. C. (1924). Farm life abroad; field letters from Germany, Denmark and France. Chapel Hill, London,: The University of North Carolina Press; H. Milford Oxford University Press. S452.b7 630.1 630.1.b73

 

Bray, R. E., & National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (1988). Rural America's elderly, 1979-April 1988: 130 citations. Beltsville, Md.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture National Agricultural Library. A 17.18/4:88-66

 

Brunner, E. d. S. (1957). The growth of a science: a half-century of rural sociological research in the United States. New York: Harper. Ht411

 

Brunner, E. d. S., & American Council on Education. American Youth Commission. (1942). Working with rural youth. Washington, D.C.,: American council on education. 362.7

 

Brunner, E. d. S., & Institute of Social and Religious Research. (1930). Industrial village churches. New York,: Institute of social and religious research. 261.61 261.61 b831

 

Brunner, E. d. S., Kolb, J. H., United States. President's Research Committee on Social Trends., & Institute of Social and Religious Research. (1933). Rural social trends. New York, London,: McGraw-Hill Book Company inc. 323.354 323.354.B836rs

 

Brunner, E. d. S., Lorge, I., Columbia University. Council for Research in the Social Sciences., & United States. Bureau of Agricultural Economics. (1937). Rural trends in depression years; a survey of village centered agricultural communities, 1930-1936. New York,: Columbia University Press. Ht421.b73 323.3540973 323.354

 

Bruns, D., Ipsen, D., & Bohnet, I. (10 April 2000). Landscape dynamics in Germany. Landscape and Urban Planning, 47(3), 143-158(116). Modern lifestyles, new demographic trends, and the expansion of the European Community are changing the European countryside. At stake are cultural landscapes, their richness in wildlife, historical interest, scenic beauty, and the recreational opportunities they provide. Visible phenomena of change are symptoms of a growing socio-economic and ecological disparity between different regions. Agreements on AGENDA 2000 European policy provide a new platform for regional and agricultural development. The paper explores which landscape dynamics are in store. Employing examples from rural Germany, the paper presents corridors of possible futures for unique, and at the same time, dynamic places. Modern strategies of landscape and urban planning are discussed which aim at closer co-operation between a multitude of stakeholders, policy makers, planners, and other agents of change. Methods and tools are needed to build consensus among ever increasing numbers of participants representing potentially wide ranges of values.

 

Burchfield, L. (1947). Our rural communities, a guidebook to published materials on rural problems. Chicago,: Public Administration Service. 323.354 323.354 B893o

 

Burds, J. (1998). Peasant dreams & market politics: labor migration and the Russian village, 1861-1905. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press. Hd1536.r9 b848 1998 305.5/633/094709034

 

Burds, J., & NetLibrary Inc. (1999). Peasant dreams & market politics labor migration and the Russian village, 1861-1905. Boulder, Colo.: NetLibrary Inc. Hd1536.r9 b848 1999 305.5/633/094709034 NetLibrary Inc.

 

Burr, W. (1921). Rural organization. New York,: The Macmillan company. Ht421.b8 630.1 630.1.b94 630.1 b94

 

Burton, H. M. (1944). The education of the countryman. New York,: Oxford University Press. La633.b 379.173 379.7

 

Buttel, F. H. (April 2001). Some Reflections on Late Twentieth Century Agrarian Political Economy. Sociologia Ruralis, 41(2), 165-181(117). The `new rural sociology' arguably represented the most significant watershed in the development of rural sociology during the 1970s and 1980s. I argue, however, that the new rural sociology, especially its dominant traditions of Chayanovian and neo-Leninist Marxism, has now been almost entirely superseded as a theoretical position in agrarian political economy by the international food regimes, commodity chains/systems analysis, regulationist, and actor-network traditions. In addition, Wageningen School research on `farming styles' and the `cultural-turn' within rural sociology and rural studies have arisen, in part, as challenges to the more structuralist styles of reasoning within agrarian political economy. Parallel trends in the sociology of development are also discussed. The paper concludes with an appraisal of the strengths and weaknesses of these new late twentieth century traditions in agrarian political economy, particularly in comparison with the new rural sociology.

 

Butterfield, K. L. (1913). The country church and the rural problem: the Carew lectures at Hartford theological seminary, 1909. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. 630 630.b981 630 b981

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_____. (December 1999). Review Article: Perspectives on Australian Social Policy. Social Policy and Administration, 33(5), 604-608(605). Books reviewed in this article:B. Cheers Welfare Bushed: Social Care in Rural AustraliaA.Jamrozik and L. Nocella The Sociology of Social Problems: Theoretical Perspectives and Methods of InterventionR. Hugman Social Welfare and Social ValueJ. S. OConnor, A. S.Orloff and S. Shaver States, Markets, Families: Gender, Liberalism and Social Policy in Australia, Canada, Great Britain and the United States

 

Caldwell, B. J. (1991). The Jajmani system, an investigation. Delhi: Hindustan Pub. Corp. Hn690.m42 c35 1991 307.720954

 

Campbell, M. (1927). Rural life at the crossroads. Boston,: Ginn. Hd1761.c35 630 630.c153 630.c153

 

Canton-Thompson, J. C. (1988). "One of them people": an ethnography of strangerhood in a rural community. T 1988.c168

 

Carlson, A. (2000). The new agrarian mind: the movement toward decentralist thought in twentieth-century America. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers. E169.12.c276 2000 305.5/52/09730904

 

Carlson, J. E., Lassey, M. L., & Lassey, W. R. (1981). Rural society and environment in America. New York: McGraw-Hill. Ht421.c28 307.7/2/0973 Ht421.c28

 

Cernea, M. M., & World Bank. (1985). Putting people first: sociological variables in rural development. New York: Published for the World Bank [by] Oxford University Press. Hd1433 Hd1433.p87 1985

 

Chang, S. (1990). The *j*i*a and descent ideology: Chinese in rural Malaysia. T 1990.c3612

 

Ching, B., & Creed, G. (1997). Knowing your place: rural identity and cultural hierarchy. New York: Routledge. Ht421.k549 1997 307.72

 

Chombart de Lauwe, P. H. (1982). La fin des villes: mythe ou réalité. Paris: Calmann-Lévy. Ht151.c562 1982 Ht151.c562 1982

 

Chu, P.-s. (1996). Ts*ung li t*u tao li hsiang: Shang-hai nung ts*un lao tung li chuan i yen chiu ( Ti 1 pan. ed.). Shang-hai: Hua tung shih fan ta hsüeh ch*u pan she. Hd1537.c5

 

Cloke, P. J., & Little, J. (1997). Contested countryside cultures: otherness, marginalisation, and rurality. London ; New York: Routledge. Ht421.c64 1997 307.72

 

Cole, W. E., & Crowe, H. P. (1937). Recent trends in rural planning. New York,: Prentice-Hall inc. 323.354

 

Commonwealth Bureau of Agricultural Economics., International Association of Agricultural Librarians and Documentalists., & International Association of Agricultural Economists. World agricultural economics and rural sociology abstracts ( Vol.. 1- Apr. 1959-). Farnham Royal, Eng. [etc.]: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux [etc.]. Z5074.e3 1000 c22 w893

 

Cooley, C. H., & Angell, R. C. (1930). Sociological theory and social research. New York,: H. Holt and Company. 301 301 C772s

 

Copp, J. H., Rural Sociological Society., & Iowa State University. (1964). Our changing rural society: perspectives and trends. Ames,: Iowa State University Press. Hn58

 

Crehan, K. A. F. (1997). The fractured community: landscapes of power and gender in rural Zambia. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. Hn803.a8 c74 1997 307.72/096894

 

Crehan, K. A. F., & NetLibrary Inc. (2000). The fractured community landscapes of power and gender in rural Zambia. Boulder, Colo.: NetLibrary Inc. Hn803.a8 c74 2000 307.72/096894 NetLibrary Inc.

 

Crook, I., & Crook, D. (1966). The first years of Yangyi Commune. London,: Routledge & K. Paul. Hn680.h63 c7 338.763095115 Hn680.h63 c7

 

Cubberley, E. P. (1914). Rural life and education; a study of the rural-school problem as a phase of the rural-life problem. Boston, New York, [etc.]: Houghton Miffin company. Lb1567.c82 379.7 371

 

Cubberley, E. P. (1922). Rural life and education; a study of the rural-school problem as a phase of the rural-life problem ( Rev. and enl. ed.). Boston, New York [etc.]: Houghton Mifflin Company. Lb1567.c82 1922 379.7 379.7.C88f

 

Cumberland, C. C. (1960). The United States-Mexican border: a selective guide to the literature of the region. [Ithaca, N.Y.,: Rural Sociological Society]. F786

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Dawber, M. A. (1937). Rebuilding rural America. New York: Friendship press. Ht421

 

Devine, T. M. (1994). The transformation of rural Scotland: social change and the agrarian economy, 1660-1815. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 306.34909411 Hn399.s3 norst

 

DiBerardinis, J. P. (1976). The effects of semi-social isolation on affiliation need, communication behavior, and attitude formation: a study of non-urban dependent mountain dwellers.,, [Boulder]. Hm291 T 1976.d545

 

Dickens, P. (2000). Society, Space and the Biotic Level: An Urban and Rural Sociology for the new Millennium. Sociology, 34(1), 147.

 

Dillman, D. A. (1982). Rural society in the U.S.: issues for the 1980s. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. Hn59.2.r87 307.7/2/0973 Hn59.2.r87

 

Djurfeldt, G. (April 1999). Essentially Non-Peasant? Some Critical Comments on Post-Modernist Discourse on the Peasantry. Sociologia Ruralis, 39(2), 262-269(269). This is a review article of Michael Kearney's Reconceptualizing the peasantry: Anthropology in a global perspective. The article argues that Kearney is right on one score: the peasantry needs to be reconceptualized, and has long needed reconceptualization, since the very term `peasant' is ethnocentric amd since it is too easily coupled with an evolutionist or modernist research programme. Rural sociology would do better with an analytical model of family farming as a core concept. Such a concpet would open up for comparative and historical studies of agrarian (and non-agrarian) societies, and would hopefully help us to systematize what we already know about farmers worldwide. To argue, as Kearney does, that peasants must exit as 'ploybians' enter the historical scene is misplaced and mistaken on a number of counts. It is misplaced methodologically, because it means committing what the author terms the epochal fallacy. It is mistaken empirically, because pluriactivity in various forms, including seasonal migration, has long been a feature of agrarian societies.

 

Domínguez Correa, O. (1965). Sociología rural. Santiago de Chile: [Editorial del Pacífico]. Hn293.5 Hn293.5.d6

 

Dumett, R. E., & Brainard, L. J. (1975). Problems of rural development: case studies and multi-disciplinary perspectives. Leiden: E. J. Brill. Hd1417.p76 338.1/09172/4

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Emmett, I. (1964). A north Wales village; a social anthropological study. London,: Routledge & Paul. Hn398.w26

 

Enders, W. T., Poston, P. M., & Briggs, R. (1974). Access to essential services in rural/urban environment: a selected interdisciplinary bibliography. Monticello, Ill.,. Z5942

 

Estabrook, C. B. (1998). Urbane and rustic England: cultural ties and social spheres in the provinces, 1660-1780. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press. Hn398.e5

 

Euler, H. L. (1935). County unification in Kansas. New York City: Teachers college Columbia university. Jk451.k34

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Farm Foundation (Chicago Ill.). (1950). Human relations in agriculture and farm life; the status of rural sociology in the land-grant colleges. Chicago,. 323.354

 

Farmer, B. H. (1974). Agricultural colonization in India since independence. London, New York,: published for the Royal Institute of International Affairs by Oxford University Press. Hd1741.i3 f37 338.1/0954

 

Farmer, P. (December 2000). The consumption of the poor: Tuberculosis in the 21st century. Ethnography, 1(2), 183-216(134). In an era in which we have effective therapies, why has tuberculosis remained the leading infectious cause of young adult deaths in much of the world? This article argues that in order to answer such a question, we must explore not only the life experiences of those sick with tuberculosis, but also the larger social contexts in which they become infected, fall ill, and meet with a series of therapeutic misadventures leading to complications, ongoing transmission to others and, often enough, death. The 'ethnographically visible' is only part of the story, since the experiences and commentaries of the sick and their providers must be embedded in broader analyses informed by history, political economy, epidemiology and a sociology of knowledge. Such an analysis brings into relief not only cultural specificity but also jarring similarities: living with both poverty and tuberculosis means poor outcomes whether you live in rural Haiti, urban Peru or the inner-city United States.

 

Fei, H.-t. u. (1996). Hsüeh shu tzu shu yü fan ssu: Fei Hsiao-t*ung hsüeh shu wen chi ( Pei-ching ti 1 pan. ed.). Pei-ching: Sheng huo tu shu hsin chih san lien shu tien: Ching hsiao Hsin hua shu tien. Hm22.c6 f434 1996

 

Fei, H.-t. u., Redfield, M. P., & Chou, J.-t. (1953). China's gentry; essays in rural-urban relations. Chicago,: University of Chicago Press. 323.3

 

Field, D. R., & Burch, W. R. (1988). Rural sociology and the environment. New York: Greenwood Press. Ht421.f47 1988 307.7/2 Ht421.f47 1988

 

Fisk University. Rural Life Committee. Bulletin ( Vol. no. 1-). Nashville. 323.354

 

Foner, N. (1973). Status and power in rural Jamaica; a study of educational and political change. New York,: Teachers College Press. Lc206.j27 Lc206.j27 f66

 

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (1992). Sociological analysis in agricultural investment project design. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 338.1809172 1000 F18 IC T226 no.9 1992

 

Fossett, M. A., & Seibert, M. T. (1997). Long time coming: racial inequality in the nonmetropolitan South, 1940-1990. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. Hn79.a13 f67 1997 305/.0975

 

Found, W. C. (1976). Environment, migration, and the management of rural resources. Monticello, Ill.: Council of Planning Librarians. Z5942.C68 no. 1143-1146 Z7164.S66 HN110.O5 016.3092 s 016.3092/63/09713 Z5942

 

Fryer, L. (1947). The American farmer; his problems & his prospects. New York, London,: Harper & brothers. Hd1761.f78 338.1

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Adger, W. N. (September 2000). Social and ecological resilience: are they related? Progress in Human Geography, 24(3), 347-364(317). Abstract: This article defines social resilience as the ability of groups or communities to cope with external stresses and disturbances as a result of social, political and environmental change. This definition highlights social resilience in relation to the concept of ecological resilience which is a characteristic of ecosystems to maintain themselves in the face of disturbance. There is a clear link between social and ecological resilience, particularly for social groups or communities that are dependent on ecological and environmental resources for their livelihoods. But it is not clear whether resilient ecosystems enable resilient communities in such situations. This article examines whether resilience is a useful characteristic for describing the social and economic situation of social groups and explores potential links between social resilience and ecological resilience. The origins of this interdisciplinary study in human ecology, ecological economics and rural sociology are reviewed, and a study of the impacts of ecological change on a resource-dependent community in contemporary coastal Vietnam in terms of the resilience of its institutions is outlined.

 

Galpin, C. J. (1918). Rural life. New York,: The Century co. Ht421.g3 630.1 630.1.g13

 

Gamst, F. C. (1974). Peasants in complex society. New York: Holt Rinehart and Winston. Ht421.g36 301.35 Ht421.g36

 

Garkovich, L., & Rural Sociological Society. (1989). Population and community in rural America. New York: Greenwood Press. HB2385.G37 1989b 307.2/4/0973 HB2385.G37 1989b

 

Gee, W. (1942). The social economics of agriculture ( Rev. ed.). New York,: The Macmillan company. Hd1761.g33 1942 631.1 631.1.G27s 631.1.G27s

 

Gee, W., & University of Virginia. Institute of Public Affairs. (1930). The country life of the nation. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina press. Ht421

 

Gillespie, G., & Sinclair, P. (2000). Shelves and Bins: Varieties of Qualitative Sociology in Rural Studies. Rural Sociology, 65(2), 180.

 

Gillette, J. M. (1913). Constructive rural sociology. New York,: Sturgis & Walton company. Ht421 630 630.g413

 

Gillette, J. M. (1922). Rural sociology. New York,: The Macmillan company. 323.354 323.354.G413r

 

Gillette, J. M. (1928). Rural sociology ( Rev. ed.). New York,: The Macmillan company. 323.354

 

Goldschmidt, W. R. (1947). As you sow ( [1st ] ed.). New York: Harcourt Brace. 309.1794 309.1794 G572a

 

Goldschmidt, W. R., & United States. Congress. Senate. Special Committee to Study Problems of Small Business Enterprises. (1946). Small business and the community - a study in Central Valley of California on effects of scale of farm operations. Report. December 23, 1946. Washington,: U.S. Govt. Print. Off. Hd1775.c2 g63 Y 4.Am 3/5:C 73

 

Gómez, S. (1994). La sociología rural en Chile: antecedentes y situación actual. Santiago: Flacso. H53.c5 Ht443.c5

 

Goodman, D. (January 1999). Agro-Food Studies in the `Age of Ecology': Nature, Corporeality, Bio-Politics. Sociologia Ruralis, 39(1), 17-38(22). The theoretical purview and contemporary political relevance of agro-food studies are restricted by their unexamined methodological foundations in modernist ontology. The nature-society dualism at the core of this ontology places agro-food studies, and their `parent' disciplines in the orthodox social sciences, outside the broad intellectual project that is advancing the greening of social theory, and militates against effective engagement with the bio-politics of environmental organizations and Green movements. The disabling consequences of the erasure of nature in agro-food studies are explored by analyzing several recent theoretical perspectives: the consumption `turn' in the work of Fine, Marsden and their respective colleagues, and Wageningen actor-oriented rural sociology. The merits of actor-network theory in resolving these ontological limitations are then considered using brief case-studies of food scares, agri-biotechnologies, and the recent proposals to regulate organic agriculture in the United States.

 

Gough, K. (1981). Rural society in southeast India. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press. Hn683.g68 307.7/2/0954 Hn683.g68

 

Grantham, G., & Leonard, C. S. (1989). Agrarian organization in the century of industrialization: Europe, Russia, and North America. Greenwich, Conn.: Jai Press. S437 S437.A38 1989 pt.1 SCIENC S437.A38 1989 pt.2 SCIENC

 

Griswold, A. W. (1948). Farming and democracy ( [1st ] ed.). New York,: Harcourt Brace. 338.1 338.1.G888f

 

Guarnizo, L. E., Sanchez, A. I., & Roach, E. M. (1 March 1999). Mistrust, fragmented solidarity, and transnational migration: Colombians in New York City and Los Angeles. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 22(2), 367-396(330). This article compares the transnational economic, political, and sociocultural relations of Colombian migrants residing in two different locations in the United States. The vast majority of these migrants are middle class and originally from large urban areas, which differs from the typical rural-origin migrants previously studied by transnational scholars. The analysis is based on theoretical developments from transnational studies and insights advanced by economic sociology. Our findings suggest that transnational relations and activities do not follow a linear path and are not necessarily and inevitably a progressive process. The reach, scope and effects of transnational activities are contingent on the interaction of multiple contextual (state of origin-migrants relations; state of origin relations with country of destination; context of reception of immigrants abroad) and group factors (size, class composition, mode of settlement).

 

Gudenberg, K. A., National Institute for Work and Learning (U.S.), United States. Office of Vocational and Adult Education., & Center for Education and Work (U.S.). (1981). Toward a more rational education-economic development connection in rural America: the colloborative model. Washington, D.C.: National Institute for Work and Learning. Ed 1.310/2:206925

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Haan, H. d., Kasimis, B., Redclift, M. R., & European Society for Rural Sociology. Congress. (1997). Sustainable rural development. Aldershot ; Brookfield, USA: Ashgate. Hc79.e5

 

Hagood, M. J., & University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Institute for Research in Social Science. (1939). Mothers of the South; portraiture of the white tenant farm woman. Chapel Hill,: University of North Carolina Press. Hq1419.h24 396.0975

 

Hahn, S., & Prude, J. (1985). The Countryside in the age of capitalist transformation: essays in the social history of rural America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Hn57 Hn57.c68 1985

 

Halmos, P. (1966). Japanese sociological studies. [Keele, Eng.]: University of Keele. 309.152 Hm15 Hm22.j3

 

Halmos, P., & Albrow, M. (1972). Hungarian sociological studies. [Keele, Eng.]: University of Keele. HM15.S545 no. 17 HM15.S545 no. 17 HN418.H9 301/.08 s 301/.09439

 

Hatch, C. S., & National Agricultural Library (U.S.). (1991). Directory of rural studies scholars and educators. Beltsville, Md.: National Agricultural Library. A 17.2:d 62/2

 

Hatcher, O. L., & Southern Woman's Educational Alliance (U.S.). (1930). Rural girls in the city for work; a study made for the Southern Woman's Educational Alliance. Richmond,: Garrett & Massie Incorporated. 331.4 331.4 H2822r c.1 NORLIN 331.4 H2822r c.2

 

Hawkins, J. N. (1983). Education and social change in the People's Republic of China. New York, NY: Praeger. Lc191.8.c5 Lc191.8.c5 h38 1983

 

Hawthorn, H. B. (1926). The sociology of rural life. New York & London,: The Century co. 323.354

 

Heise, D. A., Comp. (Sep 1995). Journals Significant to Rural Development Received at the National Agricultural Library. Rural Information Center Publication Series, No. 48. Revised Edition., 33p. This directory lists 227 journals in the National Agricultural Library's (NAL) collection that are related to social and economic aspects of rural development. The directory includes both United States and international journals. Each citation includes title, NAL call number, NAL holdings information, the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN), publisher, frequency of publication, and an indication of whether the journal is indexed in the NAL database AGRICOLA. Journals focus on issues related to rural development, rural economics, rural education, agriculture, extension services, rural areas, human services, environmental economics, health care, public policy, agribusiness, human resources, rural sociology, social problems, community development, and rural reconstruction. The directory also provides information on the Rural Information Center, a joint project of NAL and the Extension Service; document delivery services to individuals; and electronic access for interlibrary loan requests. (LP) ED401053

 

Hewitt de Alcántara, C. (1984). Anthropological perspectives on rural Mexico. London ; Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Gn308.3.m6 h48 1984 306/.0972 Gn308.3 m6h48 1984

 

Hickey, G. C., & Michigan State University. Vietnam Advisory Group Saigon. (1960). The study of a Vietnamese rural community: sociology. [Saigon?]: Michigan State University Viet-Nam Advisory Group. Hn700.v5 h5 Hn700.v5 h5

 

Hiller, E. T., Corner, F. E., & East, W. L. (1930). Rural community types. Urbana: The University of Illinois. H31.I4 vol. 16 no. 4

 

Hitch, E. V. (1950). Rebuilding rural America, new designs for community life ( [1st ] ed.). New York,: Harper. 323.354

 

Hoffer, C. R. (1934). Introduction to rural sociology ( Rev. ed.). New York,: Farrar & Rinehart. 323.354

 

Holmes, R. H. (1932). Rural sociology; the family-farm institution ( 1st ed.). New York, London,: McGraw-Hill book company inc. 323.354 323.354.H738r

 

Horowitz, M. M., & United States. Agency for International Development. Office of Evaluation. Studies Division. (1979). The sociology of pastoralism and African livestock projects. [Washington, D.C.?]: Studies Division Office of Evaluation Bureau for Program and Policy Coordination U.S. Agency for International Development. S 18.52/2:6

 

Howell, R. E., Olsen, D., Battelle Memorial Institute. Office of Nuclear Waste Isolation., Battelle Memorial Institute. Project Management Division., Washington State University. Dept. of Rural Sociology., & United States. Dept. of Agriculture. (1982). Citizen participation in nuclear waste repository siting: technical report. Columbus, Ohio Springfield, VA: Office of Nuclear Waste Isolation Battelle Project Management Division ; Availble from National Technical Information Service. E 1.28:onwi-267

 

Howley, C. (13 Oct 1996). The Rural Experience of Nation-Building: Implications for Educational Research and School Improvement in the Latest Era of "Globalization.", 24pp. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Rural Education Association (San Antonio, TX, October 13, 1996). This paper explores changes needed in the focus and commitment of educational research to better reflect issues relevant to rural schools and their communities. Historically, educational researchers have focused on national or cosmopolitan concerns in efforts to develop widely applicable procedures for school improvement. However, improving rural schools also meant reshaping and redirecting them into a national systemof schooling, trade, politics, and culturethat has ensured the depopulation of rural areas and a failed rural economy. As the 21st century approaches, it appears that the major educational project of the 19th century, nation-building, is over and the sovereignty of nations is being undermined by globalization. The shift in focus and values that accompanies globalization thus undermines the purpose of mass education as well, leading to a need for new commitments in educational research. To focus on issues applicable to rural schools and their communities, educational research must consider local concerns such as attachment to rural places; the relationship between school and community sustainability; and the cultivation of appropriate local meanings, knowledge, and commitments. The paper also suggests that for rural researchers to change their focus they need to read rural sociology, rural community development, history, and fiction about rural places; be genuinely interested in rural matters; live or work in a rural community; and bring a critical framework to the research experience from their dual roles as educator and researcher. Contains 17 references and a list of recommended books related to rural educational research. (LP) ED401059

 

Huriot, J.-M., & Thisse, J. F. (2000). Economics of cities: theoretical perspectives. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press. Ht151.e36 2000 330.9173/2

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Ilbery, B. W. (1985). Agricultural geography: a social and economic analysis. Oxford [Oxfordshire] ; New York: Oxford University Press. Hd1433 Hd1433.i4 1985

 

Ilbery, B. W. (1998). The geography of rural change. Harlow: Longman. Ht421 307.1214

 

Israel, H., & Landis, B. Y. (1926). Handbook of rural social resources. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Ht421

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Jedrej, M. C., & Nuttall, M. (1996). White settlers: the impact of rural repopulation in Scotland. Luxembourg ; United States: Harwood Academic Publishers. Hb2467

 

Jellison, K. (1993). Entitled to power: farm women and technology, 1913-1963. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Hd6073.f32 u65 1993 338.4/83/0973

 

Jellison, K., & NetLibrary Inc. (1999). Entitled to power farm women and technology, 1913-1963. Boulder, Colo.: NetLibrary Inc. Hd6073.f32 u65 1999 338.4/83/0973 NetLibrary Inc.

 

Jenkins, D. I., & Jenkins, Q. A. L. (1998). Visions along the Trail: Community Action and Visitor Employed Photography in Two Native American Communities., 13pp. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (Portland, OR, August 6-9, 1998). Rural community development is undergoing changing visions, activities, and methodologies. Factors impacting this change include decentralization, budget reduction in the public sector, and globalization and downsizing in the private sector. Community "building" (community-generated change and emphasis on capacities rather than deficiencies) must replace the concept of community "development." In this paper, visitor-employed photography (VEP) is explored as an appropriate new tool in community building. Nineteen research participants from the Winnebago and Omaha tribes were given cameras and asked to take photographs of self-selected positive and negative aspects of their environment and share and explain their perceptions. Analysis of VEP data showed community strengths, directions for change, and resident priorities and vision. Omaha participants were concerned about their lack of inclusion on the local school board and consequent lack of control over curriculum and other matters. Positive VEP images showed individual teachers who encouraged study of Indian culture despite the antagonistic school board, while negative images showed fences that prevented viewing of school sports events by Indians who could not afford admission. Winnebago participants focused on their community's need for adequate affordable housing. VEP interviews singled out community leaders and provided the means for directing efforts toward community building and action. (SAS) ED425878 You may be able to order this document from the ERIC Document Reproduction Service.

 

John, P. L. C. (Jun 1994). Information Access in Rural America: January 1980 - April 1994. Quick Bibliography Series: QB 94-39., 41pp. Updates ED 361 150. This bibliography contains 166 entries related to information access in rural communities. The entries were derived from the AGRICOLA database produced by the National Agricultural Library and include journal articles, books, conference papers, and government reports. Entries cover such topics as information centers, information needs, cooperative extension services, information services, libraries, program development, rural areas, rural development, rural communities, rural sociology, and rural libraries. Each entry contains title, author, publisher, publication date, journal or conference information (where appropriate), language, descriptors, and the National Agricultural Library call number. Some entries contain an abstract. Also included are indexes by author and subject and information about interlibrary loan from the National Agricultural Library. (LP) ED378003

 

Johnson, N. E., & Wang, C.-l. (1997). Changing rural social systems: adaptation and survival. East Lansing, Mich.: Michigan State University. Ht421.c36 1997 307.72

 

Jones, G. E. (1973). Rural life: patterns and processes. [London]: Longman. Hn385.5

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Kale, S. (1973). The impact of new or additional industry upon rurally oriented areas: a selectively annotated bibliography with emphasis on manufacturing. Lincoln, Neb.: Bureau of Business Research College of Business Administration University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Z7165.u5 Z7165 u5 k35 1973

 

Kapur, T. (1988). Religion and ritual in rural India: a case study in Kumaon. New Delhi: Abhinav Publications. Bl60 294.509 Bl60.k29 1988

 

Kh*ul*i, H. (1982). al-R*if wa-al-mad*inah f*i mujtama**at al-**Alam al-Th*alith: madkhal ijtim*a**i thaq*af*i ( al-*Tab*ah 1. ed.). al-Q*ahirah, J.M.*A: D*ar al-Ma**arif. Ht421 Ht421.k48 1982

 

Khusrav*i, K. (1972). J*ama*h-shin*as*i-i r*ust*a-i Ir*an. Tihr*an: Intish*ar*at-i D*anishg*ah-i Tihr*an. Hd850.2.z63 Hd850.2.z63 k49 1972

 

Khusrav*i, K. (1973). Ni*z*amh*a-*i bahrihbard*ar*i as zam*in dar Ir*an ; as S*as*an*iyan t*a Salj*uq*iy*an. Tihr*an: Intish*ar*at-i Pay*am. Hd2064.2 Hd2064.2.k49 1973

 

Kirkpatrick, E. L., & American Council on Education. American Youth Commission. (1940). Guideposts for rural youth. Washington, D.C.,: American council on education. Hq796.k5 362.7 K636g 362.7.K636g

 

Kirkpatrick, E. L., Boynton, A. M., Chambers, M. M., & American Council on Education. American Youth Commission. (1939). Rural youth in farm organization and other national agency programs. Washington, D.C.: American Youth Commission American Council on Education. 362.7

 

Knight, D. (1994). A burning hunger. London: Panos: Panos/Christian Aid. Hc1045.z9 norst

 

Knop, E., Bacigalupi, T., Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station., & Colorado State University. Dept. of Sociology. (1984). Migration patterns and management challenges in three non-metropolitan Colorado communities, 1970-1980. Fort Collins: Colorado Experiment Station and the Dept. of Sociology Colorado State University. Hed5/102.2/m58/1984

 

Kolb, J. H. (1959). Emerging rural communities: group relations in rural society, a review of Wisconsin research in action. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. Ht421

 

Kolb, J. H., Brunner, E. d. S., & Ogburn, W. F. (1935). A study of rural society, its organization and changes. Boston, New York [etc.]: Houghton Mifflin company. 323.354

 

Kreitlow, B. W. (1954). Rural education: community backgrounds. New York,: Harper. Lc5146 379.173 379.173.K877r

 

Kreitlow, B. W. (1960). Leadership for action in rural communities. Danville, Ill.: Interstate. Ht431

 

Kreitlow, B. W., Aiton, E. W., & Torrence, A. P. (1965). Leadership for action in rural communities ( [2d ] ed.). Danville, Ill.: Interstate Printers & Publishers. Ht431

 

Ku, F., Yen, H.-c., & Feng, H.-f. (1992). Nung ts*un she hui hsüeh ( Ti 1 pan. ed.). Shang-hai: Shang-hai shu tien. Ac149 asn

 

Kucerova, E. (2000). European Summer for Rural Sociology 2000. Zemedelska Ekonomika, 46(10), 473-476.

 

Kuvlesky, W. P., Copp, J. H., National Institute for Work and Learning (U.S.), United States. Office of Vocational and Adult Education., & Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. (1981). Rural America: the present realities and future prospects. [Washington, D.C.: National Institute for Work and Learning. Ed 1.310/2:206918

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Landis, B. Y., & Willard, J. D. (1933). Rural adult education. New York,: The Macmillan company. Lc5251.l3 [323.3540973] 374.0973 374 l235 374 l235

 

Larson, O. F., Moe, E. O., Zimmerman, J. N., & United States. Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Division of Farm Population and Rural Life. (1992). Sociology in government: a bibliography of the work of the Division of Farm Population and Rural Life, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1919-1953. Boulder: Westview Press. Z7164.s688 l37 1992 016.30772/0973

 

LaRuffa, A. L., & New York Academy of Sciences. (1974). City and peasant: a study in socio-cultural dynamics. New York: New York Academy of Sciences. Q11.N5 vol. 220, art. 6 HT113 508/.1 s 301.36 Q11

 

Lawrence, B. K. (13 Oct 1996). Working Memory: An Ethnographic Case Study of the Influence of Culture on Education., 50pp. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Rural Education Association (San Antonio, TX, October 13, 1996). This report overviews the rationale for conducting an ethnographic study of cultural factors that influence student aspiration in Tremont, a small rural community on Mount Desert Island, Maine. Although Tremont is the poorest community on Mount Desert Island, Tremont students scored as well or better on the Maine Educational Assessment than did students from more affluent communities. However, although the high school graduation rate of Tremont students is high, relatively few students go on to postsecondary education. This report details the process of an ethnographic case study and summarizes several anthropological and sociological theories about rural communities and their culture. Tentative conclusions include: cultural anthropology can identify factors that affect the way students learn; ethnography is useful in understanding the ways in which a particular culture affects students; triangulating ethnography with a quantitative approach provides useful data for policy development; the close connection between Tremont and its elementary school reflects the integrity and homogeneity of the community; the local culture of Tremont does not value postsecondary education as highly as secondary education; tensions divide year- round residents and summer residents; the availability of "inherited jobs" such as caretaking and fishing deter some students from seeking postsecondary education; cultural norms and values influence students' decisions about postsecondary education; and cultural differences between teachers and students make it difficult for them to appreciate each other. Appendices include information on workers in Tremont, valuation and tax spending of Mount Desert Island communities, dropout rates for Mount Desert Island communities, and student intentions to pursue postsecondary education. Includes tables, graphs, and a bibliography. (LP) ED407193

 

Lawrence, G. (1997). Rural sociology - does it have a future in Australian universities? Rural society, 7(1), 29.

 

Lefebvre, H., & Gaviria, M. (1978). De lo rural a lo urbano ( 4. ed.). Barcelona: Ediciones Península. Ht151

 

Levine, H. B., & Levine, M. W. (1979). Urbanization in Papua New Guinea: a study of ambivalent townsmen. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press. Ht149.p35 l48 Ht149.p35 l48

 

Levinson, B. A., Foley, D. E., & Holland, D. C. (1996). The cultural production of the educated person: critical ethnographies of schooling and local practice. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. Lb45.c83 1996 370.1/92

 

Levinson, B. A., Foley, D. E., Holland, D. C., & NetLibrary Inc. (1999). The cultural production of the educated person critical ethnographies of schooling and local practice. Boulder, Colo.: NetLibrary Inc. Lb45.c83 1999 370.1/92 NetLibrary Inc.

 

Lewis, C. D. (1929). Rural intelligence in relation to rural population. Nashville, Tenn.,: George Peabody college for teachers. Ht421.l4 1929 630.1 370.06 G293c no. 74

 

Long, N. (1977). An introduction to the sociology of rural development. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. Hn980.l66 309.2/63 Hn980.l66

 

Loomis, C. P. (1945). Studies of rural social organization in the United States, Latin America, and Germany. East Lansing, Mich.,: State college book store. 323.354 323.354.L873s

 

Loomis, C. P., & Beegle, J. A. (1950). Rural social systems; a textbook in rural sociology and anthropology. New York,: Prentice-Hall. 323.354 323.354.L873r

 

Lovejoy, P. E., & Williams, P. A. T. (1997). Displacement and the politics of violence in Nigeria. Leiden ; New York: Brill. Hv640.4.n54 d57 1997 362.87/09669

 

Lundquist, G. A., & Carver, T. N. (1927). Principles of rural sociology. Boston, New York [etc]: Ginn and company. 323.354

 

Lutes, T. (1981). Rural political behavior. Monticello, Ill.: Vance Bibliographies. Z7164.a2

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Ma, R., & Zhou, X. (1998). Tian ye gong zuo yu wen hua zi jue ( Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing: Qun yan chu ban she. Hm62.c5 t54 1998 asnnb

 

Majerova, V. (2000). X, World Congress of Rural Sociology, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Zemedelska Ekonomika, 46(10), 471-472.

 

Marietta College. (1949). New Matamoras in the mirror. Marietta, Ohio,: Marietta College. 330.977198

 

Marsden, T. (October 1999). Rural Futures: The Consumption Countryside and its Regulation. Sociologia Ruralis, 39(4), 501-526(520). The paper outlines some of the main features of the `political and social economy of rural space' from a British perspective. It details the trajectory of what is termed the `consumption countryside' that is, the sets of increasingly diverse ruralities which tie rural space and people to the provision of goods and services that can be consumed by those in and beyond their particular boundaries. These trends have significance for the development of European rural social science; and particularly the development of a comparative rural sociology which can analyse the differentiation of rural space. In doing so, the paper suggests the need to forge a critical and interpretative set of new relations with the state (supra, national and, regional and local), and to play a much more engaging part in the differential evolution of new rural governance structures.

 

Marsden, T., Lowe, P., & Whatmore, S. (1990). Rural restructuring: global processes and their responses. London: David Fulton Publishers. Ht421.r84 1990 307.72

 

Martin, W. T. (1953). The rural-urban fringe; a study of adjustment to residence location. Eugene,: University of Oregon. Ht351.m3 323/.353 301 Or3m no. 1

 

Matthews, M. T. (1937). Experience-worlds of mountain people: institutional efficiency in Appalachian village and hinterland communities. New York City: Teachers college Columbia university. F210.m372

 

McKearney, S. J., National Agricultural Library (U.S.), & National Rural Studies Committee (U.S.). (1994). Directory of rural studies scholars and educators ( 2nd ed.). Beltsville, Md.: National Agricultural Library. A 17.2:d 62/2/994

 

McPherson, G. H. (1972). Small town teacher. Cambridge, Mass.,: Harvard University Press. Lc5146.m3 301.5/6 Lc5146.m3

 

McWilliams, C. (1945). Small farm and big farm ( First edition, February, 1945. ed.). [New York,: Public affairs committee inc. H35 338.12

 

Melvin, B. L., Gries, J. M., Ford, J., & Mann, A. R. (1932). Farm and village housing. Washington, D.C.,: The President's Conference on Home Building and Home Ownership. HD7289.U6 P7 HD7286.P8 1931b vol.7 331.8220973 728.0973 631.21 631.21 P926f

 

Mencher, J. P. (1983). Social anthropology of peasantry ( 1st ed.). Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press. Ht407 Ht407 s53 1983

 

Mendras, H. (1953). Études de sociologie rurale: Novis & Virgin. Paris: A. Colin. H31.F6 no. 40 301/35 323/354

 

Milbank Memorial Fund. (1952). Approaches to problems of high fertility in agrarian societies; papers presented at the 1951 Annual Conference of the Milbank Memorial Fund. New York,. 312

 

Møhl, P. (1997). Village voices: coexistence and communication in a rural community in central France. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press University of Copenhagen. Hn425.5

 

Moore, K. (1997). A Focus on Rural Australia for Students at the University of Ballarat., In: Celebrating Rural Education: Proceedings of the National Conference of the Society for Provision of Education in Rural Australia (SPERA) (13th, Adelaide, South Australia, July 6-8, 1997); see RC 021 953. Page Length: 15. The highest levels of dissatisfaction registered by practicing rural teachers in Australia about their training were toward distinctly rural components: multi-grade teaching, rural living, and school-community relationships. School-community relationships are important, especially so in rural areas because most rural schools are the center of their community. The teacher preparation course at the University of Ballarat (Victoria, Australia) includes a semester-long unit titled "Rural Australia," which examines the sociology of rural communities and schools and promotes student understanding of how a teacher's behavior can win or lose community acceptance and esteem. The course is offered to second-year primary trainees and has been offered to practicing teachers on weekends or school vacations. Students are made aware that rural Australians are class conscious and their society is highly stratified. Status differentiation on the basis of gender exists, and is studied. Other topics studied are strategies for teacher acceptance or rejection, teaching Aboriginal children, distance education, telematics, and problems associated with rural unemployment. An important aspect of the unit is the case study that students must conduct and present to the class. Each student selects a rural community and investigates aspects of stratification and the requirements for a young teacher to fit in socially. Excerpts from one case study are included, along with comments from students about how the unit would assist them in the future. Contains 35 references. (TD) ED429798

 

Morgan, A. E., & Brownell, B. (1942). The small community, foundation of democratic life: what it is and how to achieve it. New York London: Harper & brothers. Ht431

 

Mörner, M., Lundahl, M., & Svensson, T. (1990). Agrarian society in history: essays in honour of Magnus Mörner. London ; New York: Routledge. Hd1521.a34 1990 307.72/09 Hd1521.a34 1990

 

Morris, L. (1997). Facing the Future: Rural Sociology in a Time of Charge. Southern rural sociology, 13(1), 1.

 

Mosier, C. I., University of Florida. Curriculum Laboratory., & Florida. State Dept. of Education. (1942). Evaluating rural housing; the development of the Florida housing inventory and the index of housing adequacy. Gainesville,: The Florida curriculum laboratory College of education University of Florida and State dept. of education. 331.833

 

Murdock, S. H., Leistritz, F. L., Battelle Memorial Institute. Office of Nuclear Waste Isolation., Texas A & M University. Dept. of Rural Sociology., North Dakota State University. Dept. of Agricultural Economics., United States. Dept. of Energy., & United States. Dept. of Agriculture. (1983). Methods for assessing the socioeconomic impacts of large-scale resource developments: implications for nuclear repository siting: technical report. Columbus, Ohio Springfield, VA: Office of Waste Isolation Battelle Project Management Division ; Available from National Technical Information Service. E 1.28:onwi-266

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Naples, N. (2000). Standpoint Epistemology and the Use of Self-Reflection in Feminist Ethnography: Lessons for Rural Sociology. Rural Sociology, 65(2), 194.

 

Nash, R. (1980). Schooling in rural societies. London ; New York: Methuen. Lc5146 370.19

 

National Institute for Work and Learning (U.S.), United States. Office of Vocational and Adult Education., & Southern Rural Development Center. (1985). Toward an American rural renaissance: realizing rural human resource development during the decade of the eighties: final technical report. Mississippi State, Miss.: Southern Rural Development Center. Ed 1.310/2:254376

 

Nelson, L. (1969). Rural sociology: its origin and growth in the United States. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Ht415 Ht415.n4 norlin Ht415.n4 c.3 norlin Ht415.n4 c.2

 

Nelson, M. K., & Smith, J. (1999). Working hard and making do: surviving in small town America. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. Hd4904.25.n45 1999 306.85/2/0973

 

Nelson, M. K., Smith, J., & NetLibrary Inc. (1999). Working hard and making do surviving in small town America [x, 279 p.:]. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. HD4904.25.N45 1999eb 306.85/2/0973 University of California Press

 

NelsonRichards, M. (2001). Rural Poverty and Global Capital: A Sociology of an Emerging Democracy-South Africa (Kangwane). Journal of Third World Studies, 18(2), 161-188.

 

NetLibrary Inc. (1997). Changing rural social systems adaptation and survival [x, 255 p.:]. East Lansing, Mich.: Michigan State University. HT421.C36 1997b Ht421.c36 1997 307.72 Michigan State University

 

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Perdue, R. R., Long, P. T., & Kang, Y. S. (March 1999). Boomtown Tourism and Resident Quality of Life - A Colorado Case Study. Journal of Business Research, 44(3), 165-177(113). The purpose of this research was to compare the tourism development cycle and social disruption theories for assessing the impact of gaming tourism on resident quality of life (QOL) in host communities. Various tourism development cycle theories, all generally based on social carrying capacity, postulate an initial positive change in QOL during the early stages of gaming's development followed by negative change after the community has reached its ''carrying capacity'' or ''level of acceptable change.'' Based primarily in the rural sociology ''boomtown'' literature, the social disruption theory postulates essentially an opposite effect-an initial negative change in quality of life as the community experiences the transitional stress of rapid casino development followed by positive change as the community and its residents adapt to its new situation. Using data from a nongaming community (Grand Lake, CO), three ''early stage'' gaming communities (Central City, Blackhawk, and Cripple Creek, CO), and a ''later stage'' gaming community (Deadwood, SD), the study results support the social disruption theory. Thus, rate of growth is a key variable to be incorporated into the tourism impact literature. However, in concert with social exchange theory, these results are mediated by individual resident attitudes concerning the desirability of and personal benefits from gaming. The study and its conclusions are framed within the context of public relations strategy for casino businesses.

 

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Porter, M. K. (1995). In the Best Interest of the Children: Community Engagement with Education in Appalachian Kentucky., 23pp. Presented at the Annual Conference of the National Rural Education Association (Salt Lake City, UT, October 1995). For related dissertation, see ED 408 121. The systemic reform exemplified by the Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 (KERA) requires the coupling of top-down state mandates with bottom-up advocacy and leadership. This research on an Eastern Kentucky school district details the dynamics at the district's main high school, as people struggle to build both a community of learners within the school and bridges for meaningful community participation in the school and district. A key focus of the work is the linkages between youth and adult disengagement, which are contextualized within local- local and local-state balances of power. Historically, Appalachia has been viewed as backward and in need of modernization, consequently, curricula are not relevant to Appalachian needs or world view. Alienation and disengagement arise from the resultant pattern of past failure, the expectation of continued failure, and the feeling that schools are no longer a community institution since the demise of local schools. Endemic poverty results in the school system being used as a source of good jobs controlled by the local elite, rather than a source of education for children. Thus, concerns about education are viewed as personal attacks on the power elite which invite retaliation. Pervasive distrust of the State, and "outsiders" in general, reinforces disengagement. Site-based decision making, superintendent screening committees, and state-level legal recourse provided by KERA offer previously disengaged people new opportunities for public leadership, yet change is only acceptable to the extent that it does not define eastern Kentucky cognitive frameworks and social-political relations as "problems" to be solved by "flatlanders." (TD) ED411102

 

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Summers, G. F., Compp. And Others. (Apr 1996). Rural Poverty Resource Directory. 2nd Edition., 150pp. Prepared by the Task Force on Persistent Rural Poverty. This directory contains names and contact information for over 50 social scientists who are available for consultation on policy issues related to poverty in rural America. Part I is organized by topics that are relevant to rural poverty policies and legislation. Under each topic heading are the names; university affiliations; addresses; and E-mail, telephone, and fax numbers of specialists whose research focuses on the particular topic. Entries also indicate the types of services specialists provide: briefings, hearings, analysis, or phone consultations. Topics include business strategies and wages; child welfare; global restructuring; health status; housing discrimination; industrial home- working; job training programs; labor market discrimination; labor market participation; migrant farm workers; migration; NAFTA; nutrition; resource dependent communities; rural African Americans; rural crime; rural elderly; rural enterprise zones; rural families; rural Head Start; rural health care systems; rural housing; rural jobs programs; rural Latinos; rural Native Americans; rural policy; rural schools and education; small business development; spatial distribution of poverty; teen pregnancy; transportation; unemployment and underemployment; welfare participation; women, infants, and children; and the working poor. Part II provides an alphabetical listing of specialists; entries include contact information, a biographical sketch, and topic specialties. (LP) ED402117

 

Summers, G. F., Ed. (1997). Working Together for a Change: Creating Pathways from Poverty., 47pp. Some pages are printed on colored paper or contain superimposed images, both of which may affect legibility. In this report, the Rural Sociological Society Task Force on Persistent Rural Poverty presents 11 Pathways from Poverty (PfP) state-team efforts and accomplishments. Education and training are themes that appear here and there throughout the strategies described. Many PfP state teams have formed alliances with state rural development councils that are funded jointly by state and federal governments and administered through the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Chapters are: (1) "Who's Poor in Rural America?" (Gene F. Summers, Jennifer Sherman) gives comparative statistics and national demographics; (2) "West Virginia: Good Things Come in Small Bunches" (Marc Kennedy) describes small business entrepreneurs; (3) "New York: Expert Advice" (Bill Lueders) explains the state's principles for turning vision into reality; (4) "Connecticut: Welfare Simulation, Networking Opens Doors to Understanding" (Bill Keenan) describes a sensitization process to foster awareness toward welfare participants; (5) "Maine: Building Highways of Knowledge and Experience" (Jeff Ford) describes putting knowledge about and experiences from poor people on-line; (6) "Oklahoma: A Portrait of Poverty" (Judith Davidoff) describes an ethnographic field study to give a human dimension to aggregate statistical data; (7) "South Carolina: Growing Leaders from the Grass Roots" (Linda Falkenstein) reports on networking with community groups; (8) "Ohio: Appalachia Savors Its Past as It Looks to Its Future" (Marc Kennedy) reports on a resource booklet cataloging low- cost anti-poverty projects; (9) "Montana: Breaking New Ground" (Elizabeth McBride) reports on affordable housing; (10) "New Mexico: The Pueblo Perspective" (Jeff Ford) describes cultural approaches to job training and development; (11) "Minnesota: Sowing Solutions" (Jeanne Dosch) describes two community-based pilot projects; (12) "Guam: Island Swept Up in a Tide of Change" (Harvey Black) focuses on parental needs; and (13) "Rules for Working Together" (Gene F. Summers) lists 10 guiding principles for creating and sustaining pathways from poverty. Members of the Task Force on Persistent Rural Poverty, regional centers, and state teams are listed. (SAS) ED421307

 

Sun, P.-w., Ts*ui, T.-y., Wu, C.-c. a., Yang, K. a.-t., & P*an, S. (1989). Tang tai Chung-kuo she hui hsüeh ( Ti 1 pan. ed.). Shang-hai: Shang-hai shu tien. Ac149 asn

 

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Taylor, C. C. (1926). Rural sociology; a study of rural problems ( 1st ed.). New York and London,: Harper. Ht421.t3 630.1

 

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Taylor, J. (1994). Fashioning Farmers: Ideology, Agricultural Knowledge and the Manitoba Farm Movement, 1890-1925., 170p. This book presents a study of educational institutions in Manitoba (Canada) agriculture before 1925, the dominant ideologies that resided there, and the impact of those ideologies on the agrarian movement. The first chapter overviews a variety of ideologies, state structures, and agrarian movements in North America during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. During this time, capitalist expansion, the development of a bureaucratic state, and the experience of working-class and women's movements in Manitoba were interrelated and contributed to divisions that developed during the 20th century. The second chapter outlines educational institutions in Manitoba agriculture during this period. Beginning in the 19th century, volunteer organizations such as agricultural societies and farmers' institutes were established for the production and transmission of agricultural knowledge. Manitoba Agricultural College (MAC) opened in 1905 and became the mainstay of agricultural education. Chapter 3 documents the internal evolution of MAC, relevant academic disciplines, agricultural education for children and youth, and rural adult education before and after the formation of an extension service. Chapters 4 and 5 analyze the theoretical and practical components of the dominant ideology including the emergence of rural social science disciplines such as agricultural economics, home economics, rural sociology, and rural education. Chapter 6 examines the context of the Manitoba agrarian movement, 1890-1925. This chapter addresses the tension between the dominant ideology and challenging popular ideologies such as the radicalism of the Patrons of Industry. The last chapter summarizes how dominant and critical elements interacted in the Manitoba experience. Contains over 350 references as well as 91 notes. (LP) ED376001

 

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van, M. J. D. (1 June 1997). An interdisciplinary approach to integrate a range of agro-landscape values as proposed by representatives of various disciplines. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 63(2), 233-250(218). A Concerted Action has been initiated to discuss the assessment of sustainable agro-landscape values in the EU. The objective is to find out how criteria and parameters can be defined that would help farmers, authorities and politicians to manage the agro-landscape towards sustainability and socio/cultural appreciation. Such parameters should most probably consist of a general mainframe with compatible regional specifications. They could eventually be a base for income support/cross-compliance type of payments that farmers receive for their landscape management performance. Referring to the papers presented in this special issue, an effort is made to integrate the values proposed by the wide range of participating disciplines into a consistent and knowledgeable system. This is done by linking the different values as mentioned by the participants to the human motivations, phrased according to Maslow, that they are meant to serve. The disciplines present have been provisionally clustered into three areas with two main issues: (1) environment (resource conditions) and ecology (biological relations); (2) economy (flows of finances and services) and sociology (participative procedures); (3) psychology (appreciation and aesthetics) and anthropology (history and ethics). In these three realms, they are perceived as representing a double hierarchy of priorities: from the environment onward they represent the evolutionary option of basic human needs, evolving from sheer survival to the development of the individual potentials (food first, then ethics). From the cultural aspect of ethics to the environmental conditions they represent a more humanistic (humane), immaterial priority of ethical values, leading social and economic priorities to their environmental impacts. From this effort, indications are derived pointing at options for a coherent system of agro-landscape values, especially when seen in the perspective of sustainable land use. A table showing the various agro-landscape quality aspects is presented. Throughout this paper, the agro-landscape is perceived as an integrated product of human actions, of agro-technical, political and mental (ethical) character.

 

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Waldkoenig, G. A. C. (1996). Symbiotic community: E.W. Mueller's approach to the rural social crisis. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America. Bt738.w286 1996 284.1/73/091734

 

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Woods, M. (July 1998). Researching Rural Conflicts: Hunting, Local Politics and Actor-networks. Journal of Rural Studies, 14(3), 321-340(320). Conflicts over the definition, production, reproduction and consumption of rurality and rural space have become an increasingly important focus for research in recent years. Researchers have employed a range of conceptua approaches in the analysis of rural conflicts, including pluralism, class theory and regulation theory. This paper explores the potential of an alternative approach, based on the theory of actor-networks developed in the sociology of science. Actor-network theory, its potential contribution to the study of political conflicts, and its possible weaknesses, is outlined before being applied to a case study. The case study, which concerns the attempt by a local authority in south west England to prohibit staghunting on its land, is described in detail, and an actor-network account of the case constructed. The contribution of actor-network theory to researching rural political conflicts is then evaluated and a critique developed around its observed shortcomings.

 

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Yenerall, J. D. (1999). The rural elderly in America: the old folks at home. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press. Hq1064.u5 y45 1999 305.26/0973/01734

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Zekeri, A. A. (April 1999). Community-ness of a Major Economic Development Effort in a Biracial Community of Alabama. Journal of Rural Studies, 15(2), 159-169(111). This paper uses case study data from a rural biracial community in Alabama to examine the community-ness of a major economic development effort and selected aspect of the 'growth machine' hypothesis. Results of the study suggest that the major economic development effort in the community was not a community-related action. In general, the findings provide support for some of the contentions of the growth machine model. Indeed, community can be an arena of action rather than a cohesive acting unit as posited by the 'growth machine' hypothesis and political economy models of community power put forth in the last two decades. The local elites utilized the community as a tool for the pursuit of personal gain at the expense of a majority of local residents. Capitalist development is divisive and the community, as (Molotch (1976) American Journal of Sociology 82(2), 309-332, 10) says, can be a 'growth machine' serving not the common good but the interests of those who manipulate that machine for profit. The implications of the findings for the future of biracial rural communities are discussed.

 

Zicklin, G. (1983). Countercultural communes: a sociological perspective. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. Hq971.z52 1983 307.7/74/0973 Hq971.z52 1983

 

Zimmerman, C. C. (1946). Outline of American rural sociology. Cambridge, Mass.,: Phillips Book Store. 323.354

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2008-09-04T13:09-07:00